Open Questionnaire to Human Rights Schemers Issued
Pyongyang, December 31 (KCNA) -- The Korea Association for Human Rights Studies on Sunday raised an open questionnaire, in which it said that this year 2018 has witnessed a great change in the world political trend and in particular, warm wind of peace swept the Korean Peninsula and the region, drawing the public attention.
The questionnaire said that the world has undergone amazing changes, but only the U.S. and its followers remain unchanged in their mean and stupid ambition to stifle the DPRK.
Shortly ago, the U.S. and its followers at a full-dress session of the United Nations General Assembly fabricated another "resolution on human rights in north Korea" malignantly slandering the dignity and system of the DPRK while letting out abuses like "extensive and serious violation of human rights" and "probe into responsibility", it noted.
The association, on behalf of the Korean people and the conscience of mankind, made the following questions to the U.S. and its vassal forces hell-bent on turning black into white and the UN playing a role of rubber stamp for the U.S. against the international justice and impartiality:
1. Is there any country on the earth like the DPRK where the people fully enjoy political freedom and democratic rights as masters of the society?
We'd like to ask if you have ever heard of such political terms as politics based on the people-first doctrine and politics of respecting and loving the people and the motto of prioritizing the interests of the people, holding them absolute and making selfless, devoted efforts for the good of people.
2. Can you pick out any country like the DPRK that has no jobless person and vagabond?
We'd like to ask if you, bat-blinds, have no nerve to believe that there is the country unique on this planet, where all the working people are living a creative working-life to their hearts' content, free from unemployment and worry about job.
3. Can you imagine such social policies of the DPRK for its people as free education, free medical treatment and free provision of dwelling houses from the state?
There are many countries in the world, but the DPRK is the one and only country where the state builds dwelling houses and provides them to people free of charge and ordinary people like workers, farmers, teachers, researchers and office workers move into splendid houses in Ryomyong Street, Mirae Scientists Street and other streets without paying even a penny. Perhaps, all of you are so fearful that homeless people sleeping curled up in subways and waiting rooms in New York and Washington may know such a fairytale story that was already materialized in the DPRK.
4. Have you ever heard about the country where all the members of society are trained to be highly civilized and creative beings under the slogan of making all the people well versed in science and technology?
Fin-de-siecle ways of life like misanthropy, contempt, violence, pornography and corruption afflict the sound souls and bodies of people, driving them into the abyss of ignorance, in the U.S. and other Western countries. Those countries had better understand where they live in, the sunny world or the dark world and the civilized world or the barbarous world, before talking about someone's performance of "human rights".
5. Can you pinpoint any land of human love, except the DPRK, in the world map?
The U.S. had better work hard to clean its dirty face before slandering others.
6. It is just the time for the U.S.-led hostile forces and the UN to throw away the old drum of "human rights" racket against the DPRK, isn't it?
Why does the U.S. fail to give up the old prejudice and hostility even after the publication of the DPRK-U.S. joint statement in Singapore?
Until when will the UN go with the ill fame of American empire's puppet, bereft of international justice and impartiality, resorting to anti-DPRK "human rights" racket, little short of state-sponsored political terrorism?
Falsity gives in to truth and darkness to brightness.
Nothing can cover up the brilliant reality of the DPRK where the people enjoy genuine rights at the highest level as real masters of the state and society and no one on earth can block the bright path ahead of the DPRK, no matter how rampant all sorts of lies, deceptions, tricks and plots are in the world. -0-
Does U.S. Feel Ashamed of Itself for Approaching DPRK with Two Faces
Pyongyang, October 20 (KCNA) -- Jong Hyon on Saturday made public a commentary, "Does the U.S. feel ashamed of itself for approaching us with two faces".
The commentary reads in full:
What is recently heard from the U.S. over the Korean issue makes the world people confused.
On one hand it is advertised that U.S. Secretary of State Pompeo's Pyongyang visit made a "great achievement" desired by the U.S. and, on the other hand, the "sustained sanction" unpleasant to the ear is heard so much.
Heard from campaign venues of the U.S. are such voices that it has a very good relationship with north Korea and there is no threat at present, though the former was going to war with the latter in the past. Whereas it is heard from news conference and other places that sanctions should be sustained until north Korea does something and there is no idea of lifting the sanctions on it.
The U.S. Department of State stated that the visit to Pyongyang was very productive and successful and what was discussed with the DPRK was a "great progress," showing a desire to have technical talks at an early date. On the other hand, it contended that the U.S. constant stand is "denuclearization first and lifting of sanctions next," forcing the south Korean authorities not to accelerate the north-south cooperation and urging Southeast Asian and European countries to intensify the cooperation in putting pressure upon the DPRK.
The U.S. consented to the outstanding issues and the concerns of the DPRK in Pyongyang, but denied the consensus later. It "voiced full support" for the improvement of inter-Korean relations at the Singapore summit, but now checks the inter-Korean cooperation, claiming that "it is impossible without the consent from the U.S."
Lack of logic in the words and deeds of the U.S. only causes a doubt.
Which of the two faces of the U.S. is true, smiling or abrupt?
Does the U.S. really want to improve its relationship with the DPRK or does it have some other intention?
We wonder whether the U.S. administration suffers from psychological confusion under the weight of some political pressure and irritation at home.
Even The New York Times, commenting on such words and deeds changing at any time and place and inconsistent attitude, said that the government sends confusing messages and pursues the policy of sanctions on the DPRK only to cause empty threat and confusion.
Of course, we are aware of the "embarrassing situation" and "awkward position" of the White House with the November off-year election of U.S. Congress just ahead.
We are well aware that the political situation of the U.S. is very complicated and this makes it difficult for the administration to make a decision and push ahead with it.
Due to those who insist on "hard line" against their will and set themselves against Trump's policy, the U.S. political climate is on the verge of disaster.
Some of them claim that they should not be deceived and they cannot trust sincerity of north Korea toward denuclearization, whereas some people say that maximum pressure should be maintained aside from dialogue and lowering the level of the pressure will lead to a great mistake. Some people try to cause a nuclear-phobia, saying that what will be beyond imagination is allowing north Korea to develop nukes. This is the present American political situation in which the truth and falsity are confused by such assertions.
It is clear to everyone that the opposition forces' noisy talk about denuclearization and escalation of sanctions are to annoy the Trump administration and become occupants of the Oval Office and Congress, not out of a good will for peace.
It is just a paradox of the mean politicians who are utterly ignorant of the DPRK and have never thought of the most realistic way of denuclearization.
This being a hard fact, is it good for the U.S. administration to keep reading the face of the opposition forces? The U.S. administration can never pave its own way for the truth, if it keeps turning its ear to such rumors.
What matters is that the U.S. administration, being much afraid of the grumblings by the hard-liners at home, is insensitive to the fact that its dialogue partner feels nervous about its unfaithful deed and double-faced attitude.
Americans obsessed with hypocrisy, deception, arrogance and self-complacency may regard such unilateral and double-faced behavior as something normal and natural. But they should know that it is just an unpardonable insult to Koreans who like to do everything in a pure and explicit manner and set much store by faith and promise.
If what Americans said in Pyongyang is utterly different from what they said in Washington and if their remarks are entirely different from what they think of, the tower of mutual confidence built with much effort will become futile like building the tower with eggs.
It seems that the U.S. regards the negotiations with the DPRK not as the ones for putting an end to the history of hostility and distrust lingering century after century and for establishing the new relations of trust but as a black-hearted kiss.
The whole world hailed the meeting of the top leaders of the two countries in Singapore as an "epochal meeting" and a "meeting changing history". It was because the world thought that the U.S. finally dropped the strong-arm policy and opted for dialogue and negotiations.
Americans gave applause to the measures of goodwill taken by the DPRK but now cry out for constantly brandishing the club of pressure. It is hard to discern what is true and what is false in their language.
Even at a time when the DPRK-U.S. talks were proceeding in an amicable atmosphere in Pyongyang, Americans at home openly cried out for not dropping the club of "pressure", asserting "pressure" is the main card for tackling the issue.
It seems that they failed to sense the on-going situation.
That's why the international community comments that the U.S. is not interested in the give-and-take-style negotiations but only hopes that the DPRK would be pressurized into surrender, and that the U.S. is just short-sighted to see the far-reaching development as it too deeply sticks to denuclearization.
A bird flies with its two wings, but the U.S., with its wings furled, only urges the DPRK to fly. The U.S. may be just called a dishonest man who likes receiving, not giving anything, and the DPRK doing it favors in return for nothing can be called a great man. The international community is sneering at the U.S. like this.
In the UN arena Russia strongly opposes the on-going pressure on the DPRK, holding that sanctions can never be a substitute for diplomacy, and China also contends that doing everything by force will bring about disastrous results.
But the U.S., due to its half-done double-dealing way of thinking and behavior, fails to discern what is big and what is small, and even lost the senses of proportion and balance in the quagmire of confusion in the goal and means.
It seems that Americans have just come to be ignorant of what goals they seek -- global peace and stability or sanctions and pressure--, being at the end of their tether due to their fierce internal dispute.
Consistency of thinking and deeds can be ensured and the DPRK-U.S. negotiations can progress toward their original goals on the fixed track only when the U.S. doesn't lose its way although it is plagued with difficulties caused by the dispute in its internal politics.
We do not want good will and generosity of the U.S. but urge it to act in the elementary give-and-take principle.
The DPRK holds that the DPRK-U.S. relations can be improved only when they are based on mutual confidence, but the U.S. insists that the bilateral relations can be improved through tightened sanctions and pressure. There is no need to question whose assertion is right.
Koreans dislike and hate duplicity and two-faced behavior.
The U.S. should deal with the DPRK with sincerity, instead of depending on double-dealing tactics.
And it had better look on the successful future with soft face, not looking back upon the failed past with black face. -0-
Rodong Sinmun on National Independence and Unity
Pyongyang, September 14 (KCNA) -- Rodong Sinmun says in an article on Friday that the long history of territorial division teaches a lesson that the north and the south should improve their relations through reconciliation and unity on the principle of national independence and advance toward peace and reunification, not to be at odds and stand up in confrontation with each other, and doing so is the only way of living for the Korean nation.
The north and the south should respect each other and jointly open an avenue of improving the inter-Korean relations, the article says, and goes on:
The Panmunjom Declaration indicates a correct way for connecting the severed blood vessel of the nation and opening a broad avenue to national reconciliation, unity, peace and reunification.
The historic 3rd and 4th north-south summit meetings and talks and the Panmunjom Declaration were provided by the patriotic will and firm determination to put an end to mistrust and confrontation which has lasted decades after decades and courageously usher in a new era of national reconciliation, peace and prosperity with the concerted efforts of the north and the south.
The adoption of the Panmunjom Declaration laid a valuable foundation for the development of the north-south relations, peace of the Korean Peninsula, prosperity common to the nation and independent reunification.
The north and the south should make steady efforts to mend their relations under any situation and circumstances and sincerely implement the Panmunjom Declaration.
They should independently carve out their destiny and handle their relations from the viewpoint of By Our Nation Itself in the present crucial times.
There is no need for the north and the south in their relations to read other's face and hesitate.
The way for the north and the south to follow is always the road of national independence and unity. -0-
DPRK-U.S. Ties Can Never Become Victim of Political Scramble in U.S.
Pyongyang, August 18 (KCNA) -- Handshakes of the top leaders of the DPRK and the U.S. are the greatest event in the present century declaring an end of the most longstanding and acute cold war on this planet.
The DPRK and the U.S. will steadily show dramatic events while courageously fulfilling their promises.
These were the cheers and excitement of the world when the DPRK-U.S. summit was held and the DPRK-U.S. joint statement issued in Singapore two months ago, says Rodong Sinmun in a commentary on Saturday.
It has been over two months since then but a deadlock between the DPRK and the U.S. is turning the seething expectation and hopes of the world people into impatience and disappointment, the commentary notes, and goes on:
The current deadlock between the DPRK and the U.S. is clearly attributable to the political scramble in the U.S.
Those opposed to dialogue provided the negotiating team with a truncheon called "theory of suspected north Korea's secret nuclear facilities", a fiction, driving it to derailing dialogue.
President Trump who has a "dream" about world peace, an epoch-making cause, has too many rivals.
It is important for the DPRK to improve the relations with the U.S. as soon as possible, but the former thinks that more pressing task is to handle the divided and confusion-ridden U.S. political landscape.
The present deadlock of the DPRK-U.S. relations demands a bold decision on the part of President Trump.
As President Trump admitted, the "fantastic meeting", realized by no other president in the history of America, could come to success to be greatly cheered and welcomed by the world and American people because he acted with his own decision and will, not wavering by the opposition's offensive nor blindly following his aides' view.
Secretary of State Pompeo should not be forced to meet a "miserable destiny" but resolutely smash the opposition's unreasonable and foolish assertions with his own view and courage and display his wisdom and bargaining power in negotiation as the chief of the U.S. diplomacy both in name and reality in order to realize the president's will.
The DPRK-U.S. relations can never become a victim of the political scramble in the U.S. -0-
Memorandum on Peerlessly Great Leaders' Exploits for National Reunification
Pyongyang, July 6 (KCNA) -- The Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Country of the DPRK on July 6 released a memorandum detailing the exploits the peerlessly great men performed for national reunification on the occasion of the 24th anniversary of the last autograph left by President
Kim Il Sung on the document related to national reunification.
President Kim Il Sung is the eternal sun of the nation and lodestar of reunification who set it as the top priority task of the nation to achieve the national reunification from the very day of the territorial and national division forced by the outsiders, consistently held fast to the line of one Korea and reunification and led the struggle for carrying it out, the memorandum said, and went on:
After Korea's liberation the President convened the Joint Conference of Representatives of Political Parties and Social Organizations in North and South Korea and led the nation-wide struggle for frustrating the moves of the sycophants and traitors to divide the Korean nation.
He proposed to enforce the federal formula of the north and the south in the 1950s and 1960s when the situation was extremely tense due to the confrontation and war racket by the separatists within and without.
He saw to it that the July 4 joint statement was adopted, the keynote of which is the three principles of national reunification, in the early 1970s.
In the 1980s and 1990s he newly advanced the proposal for founding the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo (DFRK) which comprehensively embodies the three principles of national reunification and the 10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country. They are the most realistic and square guidelines for achieving the national reunification as early as possible.
He personally proposed the north-south summit and worked heart and soul for it, thinking of the great cause of the nation before anything else during the last moments of his life.
The cause of national reunification pioneered and guided by the President had been victoriously advanced by leader Kim Jong Il.
The memorandum said that Kim Jong Il formulated the three principles of national reunification, the DFRK founding proposal, the 10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country as the three charters for national reunification to be held by the entire Korean nation, and inspiringly aroused all the fellow countrymen to the struggle for implementing them.
It noted that in June 2000 he provided the north-south summit meeting for the first time in the history of national division and provided the Korean nation with the June 15 joint declaration.
It pointed out that he arranged another north-south summit meeting in Pyongyang in October 2007 and provided the Korean nation with the "Declaration for Development of North-South Relations and Peace and Prosperity", a programme for implementing the June 15 joint declaration.
The Korean people's movement for national reunification is now greeting a fresh heyday thanks to the guidance of the respected Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un, it said.
It noted that Kim Jong Un solemnly clarified his firm determination and will to accomplish the cause of national reunification without fail, true to the behests of the great leaders, through his on-site inspection of Panmunjom in March 2012 and his speech made at the military parade for celebrating the centenary of birth of Kim Il Sung.
He provided the north-south summit meeting and talks in Panmunjom on April 27, 2018 and adopted the Panmunjom declaration, sparking emotion and cheers of the whole nation and the world, it stated.
It said that he held the 4th north-south summit meeting and talks on May 26 in a blitz way and made important agreements for settling the matters arising in rapidly implementing the Panmunjom Declaration and thus propelled the development of the inter-Korean relations at a higher level.
It stressed that the rosy future of the Korean nation and the decisive guarantee for national reunification lie in upholding and following Kim Jong Un, identical to the great leaders in idea, guidance and traits, as the sun of the nation and lodestar of national reunification. -0-
June 15 All-Korean Committee Pledges to Implement Panmunjom Declaration
Pyongyang, June 15 (KCNA) -- The north, south and overseas side committees for implementing June 15 Joint Declaration issued a resolution Friday, the 18th anniversary of the June 15 joint declaration.
All-Korean Committee for Implementation of June 15 Joint Declaration made public the following resolution with the will to take the lead in ushering in a new era of peace and prosperity, a new history of independent reunification:
1. We will hold fast to the June 15 joint declaration and its successor the Panmunjom Declaration as a milestone for reunification common to the nation.
We will invariably maintain as the great programme for reunification common to the nation until the day of national reunification the June 15 joint declaration which declared a new start of our nation's history and vigorously advanced the June 15 era.
We will firmly adhere to the principle of national independence that we decide the destiny of our nation by ourselves, as clarified in the June 15 joint declaration and reaffirmed in the Panmunjom Declaration.
We will strive to make the north-south relations dynamically develop under the milestone clarified in the Panmunjom Declaration, and decisively reject any interference and arbitrary practices against the north-south relations, the internal affairs of the nation.
2. We will vigorously wage a nation-wide campaign for the implementation of the Panmunjom Declaration and thus positively promote the reconciliation and unity of the nation.
We will jointly push forward the work to hold events common to the nation to be participated in by the authorities, parliaments, political parties and local self-governing bodies, non-governmental organizations and other people from all walks of life on the occasions of the anniversaries of the north-south declarations and other days significant for both the north and the south and, through such course, further fan up the atmosphere for national reconciliation and reunification.
We will encourage the contacts and visits among bodies of different circles and sectional and regional organizations in the north and the south and abroad and reenergize diverse meetings for reunification in conformity with their specific characters, thus creating the warm climate of implementing the Panmunjom Declaration wherever Koreans live.
3. We will further invigorate the activities to defuse the military tensions and remove the danger of war from the Korean peninsula.
We will jointly strive to build a mechanism for keeping lasting and durable peace on the Korean peninsula and stage a vigorous mass movement for preventing all forms of actions that may cause distrust and antagonism between the north and the south again and escalate the military tension, contrary to the desire of all the fellow countrymen and the spirit of the Panmunjom Declaration.
We will fully display the spirit and will of our fellow countrymen to turn the demilitarized zone along the Military Demarcation Line, an acute hotspot, into a real peace zone and the West Sea into peaceful waters and usher in a new era of peace and prosperity free from worry about war. -0-
Press Release of DPRK Permanent Mission in Geneva
Pyongyang, June 2 (KCNA) -- The DPRK permanent mission to the UN Office and other international organizations in Geneva on May 30 issued a press release with regard to the recent revelation of the truth about the enticed group abduction of DPRK women citizens by the south Korean authorities.
Noting that the "case of group defection of north Korean restaurant workers" in April 2016 was proven to be conspiratorial farce cooked up by the Park Geun Hye regime of south Korea, through interviews of the victims and the criminal involved in the case, the press release said:
Consistent is our stand to continue our effort ceaselessly until the repatriation of our citizens abducted in group as well another DPRK woman citizen Kim Ryon Hui who had been tricked to south Korea and now appeals for years to return back to her home in the north is realized, and to take appropriate measure whenever necessary.
The south Korean authorities should admit the unheard-of atrocity of the former Park Geun Hye regime, severely punish those involved in the case, send our women citizens to their families without delay and thus show the will to improve the inter-Korean relations.
What is disappointing concerning this case is the inaction with silence by UN agencies including the OHCHR.
The OHCHR should abandon its prejudiced and partial attitude of paying attention to unconfirmed and absurd accusations spread by hostile forces against the DPRK and discharge its due mandate and responsibility by taking appropriate action aimed at an early return of the DPRK victims of abduction to their beloved families as unanimously desired by the international community. -0-
Red Cross Society of DPRK Demands Repatriation of Abducted Women Citizens
Pyongyang, May 19 (KCNA) -- A spokesman for the Central Committee of the Red Cross Society of the DPRK gave an answer to a question raised by KCNA Saturday over the full revelation of the truth about the "group defection of woman employees of the north's restaurant abroad" by south Korean media.
The south Korean cable broadcasting JTBC recently put it that the "case of group defection of the north's employees" in April 2016 was proven to be a conspiratorial farce cooked up by the Park Geun Hye group of traitors, and that those women citizens of the DPRK were proven to have been forcibly abducted by the puppet Intelligence Service by interviews of a criminal involved in the case and victims, the spokesman noted, saying:
After all, it has been clearly proven that the claim about the "group defection according to free will", made so far by the puppet conservative group, was an anti-DPRK farce cooked up to turn the table in favor of them in the then "National Assemblymen" election.
What can not be overlooked is that the south Korean authorities, obliged to handle the issue, have adopted an unequivocal stance to shun the demand of the public at home and abroad.
The south Korean authorities are busy evading the responsibility while claiming that "there was limitation to grasping the truth as those directly concerned did not want to be interviewed". Meanwhile, they are feeding the media with an absurd story that those women citizens of the DPRK can be "exchanged" with criminals who have been detained in the DPRK after being legally punished for their spying and hostile acts against it.
Do the south Korean authorities know that this has touched off towering grudge of the people in the DPRK including the families of the victims spending days and nights in tears and longing to see their beloved daughters come back.
At the historic April north-south summit meeting and talks we stressed the need not to hoard up the agreements reached between the north and the south as in the past, and the south side expressed deep sympathy with it.
However, the attitude taken by the south Korean authorities even before the ink on the Panmunjom declaration got dry has greatly disappointed us, not just arousing regret.
We can not but remind them of our stand that how they tackle the case of group abduction by the puppet conservatives, an anti-DPRK confrontational farce and hideous crime against humanity, would have great impact on deciding the prospect of settling the humanitarian issue between the north and the south clarified in the Panmunjom declaration.
Such hideous criminals as the Park Geun Hye group, who forced "defection" on our women citizens after luring and kidnapping them in group for confrontation with compatriots, in disregard of human ethics and morality and international law, must be brought to an international court for severe punishment.
The south Korean authorities should admit the unheard-of atrocity of the Park regime, severely punish those involved in the case, send our women citizens to their families without delay and thus show the will to improve the north-south ties.
We will prudently watch their future attitude. -0-
Memorandum on Peerlessly Great Men's Exploits for Great National Unity
Pyongyang, April 5 (KCNA) -- The Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Country of the DPRK issued a memorandum Thursday to convey the peerlessly great men's exploits for great national unity on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the publication of President Kim Il Sung's work "10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country".
The memorandum said Kim Il Sung is a peerless patriot who set forth his original idea of great national unity, consistently applied it in the whole period of his revolutionary leadership and thus provided the powerful driving force of national reunification.
He found the essential way for settling national issues in the great national unity from the firm Juche-oriented stand and worked heart and soul to realize the country by the united efforts of the nation, it noted.
Since the first day of national division by outsiders, he regarded the great national unity as the mainstay for national reunification and worked heart and soul to get all the compatriots united under the banner of patriotism, it pointed out.
It said that with his boundlessly broad magnanimity, he warmly treated and put forward those who hoped for national reunification on the road of reunification and patriotism without questioning their political view, ism and inglorious past.
It noted that leader Kim Jong Il is the peerlessly great sage who successfully embodied Kim Il Sung's idea of great national unity.
It stressed that he perfectly acquired Kim Il Sung's idea of great national unity at the noblest level and further developed it in depth as required by the new times.
It said that he advanced more dynamically the cause of great national unity true to Kim Il Sung's intention and behests.
It noted that he ushered in a fresh phase of great national unity with his far-sighted plan for national reunification, boundlessly broad magnanimity and warm compatriotism.
It pointed out that the cause of national reunification associated with the careers of the great leaders has greeted a fresh turning phase under the outstanding and tested guidance of respected Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un who is another prominent great man and peerless patriot.
It said Kim Jong Un is the great lodestar of national reunification who is ushering in a fresh era of independent reunification by invariably maintaining and carrying forward the great leaders' idea and line of great national unity.
It noted that he clarified at home and abroad the realistic ways for preventing mistrust and confrontation between the north and the south daily-escalating due to vicious anti-DPRK moves of anti-reunification forces at home and abroad, creating the climate of reconciliation and unity and ushering in a fresh heyday of national reunification, and energetically steered the campaign for realizing them.
It stated Kim Jong Un who possessed the great leaders' noble love for the nation and great virtues warmly treated south Korean personages and overseas compatriots and led them to the road of great national unity.
It stressed that he is making a radical turn in the inter-Korean relations with his noble intention of great national unity and bold decision.
Indeed, the rosy future of great national unity and national reunification lies in holding Kim Jong Un's patriotic idea and intention, it added. -0-